Colombia ex-Farc rebel Iván Márquez issues call to arms

Colombia ex-Farc insurgent Iván Márquez points name to arms

Screengrab of the video released by FARC-EPPicture copyright

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The video reveals Iván Márquez studying out his name to arms

A former commander within the Farc insurgent group in Colombia, Iván Márquez, has referred to as on his followers to take up arms lower than three years after the rebels signed a peace settlement with the federal government.

Iván Márquez appeared in a video and introduced {that a} “new part of the armed battle” was starting.

He was one of many foremost negotiators of the peace deal in 2016.

The Colombian authorities stated it was “a really worrying announcement”.

What does the video present?

It reveals Iván Márquez studying out an announcement in entrance of a banner saying “Whereas there’s a will to combat, there will be hope of successful”.

He’s surrounded by a few dozen women and men wearing camouflage. Amongst them are two different senior former Farc rebels, Jesús Santrich, and the person often known as El Paisa.

In his 30-minute-long assertion, Iván Márquez says that he referred to as for a return to arms as a result of the Colombian state had “betrayed” the peace settlement he helped negotiate.

The Farc’s decades-long armed battle

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1964: Arrange as armed wing of Communist Celebration

2002: At its top, it has a military of 20,000 fighters controlling as much as a 3rd of the nation

2008: The Farc suffers a collection of defeats in its worst 12 months

2012: Begin of peace talks in Havana

2016: Peace deal signed in November

2017: Farc formally ceases to be an armed group

2019: Former commander Iván Márquez broadcasts “a brand new part of the armed battle”

“In two years, greater than 500 social leaders have been killed and 150 guerrilla fighters are lifeless amidst the indifference and the indolence of the state,” Iván Márquez says, referring to the excessive variety of activists and former Farc members killed since President Iván Duque took up workplace.

Within the recording, he additionally says that the brand new guerrilla group, which carries the previous identify, Farc-EP (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – Individuals’s Military), will pursue completely different techniques.

He says that the group will solely “reply to offensives” and that they won’t perform kidnappings for ransom however as a substitute “search dialogue” with native landowners and enterprise folks to try to persuade them to “contribute” to their trigger.

The video ends with Jesús Santrich shouting “Lengthy stay the Farc-EP!”

Who’s Iván Márquez?

Iván Márquez is the nom-de guerre of Luciano Marín Arango. He was the quantity two within the Farc insurgent motion earlier than the guerrilla group signed a peace cope with the Colombian authorities in 2016, after greater than 5 many years of armed battle.

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Getty Pictures

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Iván Márquez (left) was the principle negotiator for the Farc and signed the peace deal in November 2016

He was a key determine within the peace negotiation which led to the signing of a peace deal in November 2016, main the Farc negotiating crew for the 4 years the talks lasted.

As a part of the peace course of, the Farc became a political celebration and was assigned a lot of seats in Colombia’s congress.

Iván Márquez was assigned one of many Farc’s 5 seats within the senate. However days earlier than he was as a result of take up his submit in July 2018, he introduced he wouldn’t achieve this in protest on the arrest of his Farc comrade, Jesús Santrich.

He went into hiding shortly afterwards and his solely public look was in a video launched in January.

In that video, he accused the Colombian authorities of failing to implement the agreements reached with the Farc and stated he felt “disheartened”. However on the time, he stated he was nonetheless dedicated to peace.

How important is the brand new video?

It has been clear since he gave up his senate seat and went into hiding final 12 months that Iván Márquez’s dedication to the peace deal was wavering.

The identical applies to Jesús Santrich, a former Farc insurgent turned Congressman who failed to point out as much as court docket over drug smuggling fees in July.

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Jesús Santrich was briefly a Congressman representing the Farc political celebration earlier than he was arrested and later launched

Nevertheless, their announcement of a “new part within the armed battle” is far more harmful than their earlier “disillusionment” with the implementation of the peace course of.

It’s also more likely to enhance criticism of the transitional justice system created as a part of the peace deal.

Those that have warned that the Farc couldn’t be trusted and that their leaders ought to have been jailed will really feel vindicated.

Is the Farc again now?

Many would argue it has by no means fully gone away. Whereas the group’s leaders signed a peace deal and nearly 7,000 of their fighters handed of their weapons, there have been teams of dissidents which by no means stood down.

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Media captionHave a look inside a Farc insurgent camp earlier than the group disarmed

The variety of dissidents is tough to estimate, however the determine cited in a leaked army doc earlier this 12 months was 2,300.

A few of these dissidents by no means laid down their weapons, others have returned and but others are new recruits. However to date, they’ve been scattered across the nation in dozens of small teams.

Tuesday’s video exhibiting three former influential commanders could possibly be an indication that these teams are becoming a member of forces and can once more act as one insurgent group.

What has the response been?

In response, the Colombian authorities’s peace commissioner Miguel Ceballos instructed Colombia’s Blu Radio: “There is no such thing as a shock for the nationwide authorities. Sadly, these folks had already made clear, by their behaviour, that they turned their backs on the peace accord.”

The Farc’s former prime commander, Rodrigo Londoño, who was Iván Márquez’s boss earlier than the group disarmed, stated that the “nice majority” of former guerrilla fighters remained dedicated to peace “regardless of all of the difficulties and risks”. Rodrigo Londoño now leads the political celebration which shaped after the Farc laid down arms.

Former president Álvaro Uribe, who has all alongside been some of the outspoken critics of the peace deal, slammed the peace accord saying that “the nation have to be conscious that there was no means of peace, however [there was] a pardon for some folks answerable for atrocious crimes at a excessive institutional price”.

Humberto de la Calle, one of many chief negotiators on the federal government’s facet, referred to as on “all Colombians to defend and defend the peace course of”. “We recognise that the overwhelming majority of women and men of the Farc have complied with the settlement; and we invite them to proceed with its means of reincorporation into civilian life that can repay day by day,” he added.

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Media captionFormer Farc rebels grow to be eco-warriors to cease deforestation within the Amazon

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