Modernisme, or Catalan Modernism, got here to Barcelona on the finish of the 19th century. This architectural model, just like the Artwork Nouveau motion, performed a significant position in indicating the social standing of the then notorious bourgeoisie.
Wealthy purchasers used to make use of well-known architects to design them a Modernista home, full with the model’s recognisable options: wealthy sculptural and wrought iron work, stained glass, floral decorations, undulating kinds, sgraffito work, and ceramic particulars.
Barcelona’s city panorama is plentiful in Modernisme creations, notably within the Eixample neighbourhood, the place these architectural gems typically stand facet by facet. You merely must stroll across the metropolis to know simply how vital this cultural motion was to its inhabitants, and the way Modernisme formed Barcelona into town that we all know and love immediately.
The Barcelona Modernist Route
1. Park Güell
The Barcelona Modernist Route begins within the metropolis’s Gràcia neighbourhood, simply above the Eixample barrio, with Antoni Gaudí’s Park Güell. In 1899, Eusebi Güell first purchased the land with the concept that his architect pal would design and create an city park impressed by gardens in England. The completed creation has continued to allure its guests ever since. The park is thought for its Hansel and Gretel fairy-tale design, and gorgeous mosaic architectural particulars.
Antoni Gaudí performed an enormous a part of bringing Modernism to life in Barcelona, and his short-term residence in Park Güell has since been transformed right into a museum with extra details about the life and works of the unimaginable Catalan architect.
2. Casa Vicens
Additional down from Park Güell, nonetheless in Gràcia, is Gaudí’s first mission of significance, Casa Vicens. The Catalan architect constructed this sensational home simply after he obtained his architectural license in 1878, and lots of suppose that Casa Vicens was the primary nice work of Catalan modernisme. Though the Gràcia neighbourhood is now a part of Barcelona metropolis, it was beforehand a separate village, impartial and with its personal metropolis council. Many wealthy bourgeoisie aristocrats took a liking to the barrio, like Manel Vicens i Montaner, for whom this home was constructed. Greater than 150 years later, Casa Vicens has been opened as much as the general public as a home museum, wealthy in Modernist design and historical past from this bygone period.
3. Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau
After leaving Gràcia and getting into Eixample, the route continues to the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, the oldest hospital in Spain based in 1401. The hospital was created because of six of town’s medieval hospitals merging collectively to fight Plague and famine. In 1930, the hospital closed its doorways for an entire redesign; one of many final sufferers handled inside was Antoni Gaudí himself, fatally injured from a tram accident in 1926.
The architect in query chosen for this redesign was Lluís Domènech i Montaner, beforehand identified for his different Modernist architectural feats. In time, the hospital turned the primary in Spain to have its personal faculty of nursing, to implement an institutional constitution of affected person rights (1976), to launch a buyer care service (1979), and to supply bone marrow transplants (1976) and coronary heart transplants (1984). Right this moment, it’s a vital modernist landmark in Barcelona.
4. La Pedrera/Casa Milá
The Modernist route then crosses by Eixample and over Avinguda Diagonal, one among Barcelona’s most vital fundamental roads, to La Pedrera (or Casa Milá), the final non-public residence designed by Antoni Gaudí earlier than he devoted himself to his extraordinary mission of constructing the Sagrada Família. Intent on having their very own Modernista residence, Pere Milà and his spouse Roser Segimon commissioned Antoni Gaudí to construct them a home incorporating this model in 1906. On the time, this building was a controversial matter amongst these dwelling in Barcelona because of the home’s garish stone façade, and consequently, the construction earned itself the nickname La Pedrera, or the “stone quarry”. In 1984, Casa Milà was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Website, and immediately it is among the most visited vacationer sights within the metropolis.
5. Casa Batlló
A brief stroll down town’s most iconic avenue, Passeig de Gràcia, is Casa Batlló: one other of Antoni Gaudí’s most gorgeous architectural feats. This landmark is usually known as Casa dels Ossos (Home of Bones) because of the considerably skeletal qualities in its design. Casa Batlló was first inbuilt 1877, after which redesigned in 1904 after its proprietor, Josep Batlló, wished a singular home that no different member of the family would be capable of imitate. On particular days in Catalonia, akin to Sant Jordi in April, Casa Batlló is usually embellished to mark the occasion. Final 12 months the façade of the constructing was lined in a whole lot of crimson roses to mark the celebration of Catalonia’s patron saint.
6. Casa Amatller
The following modernista landmark on the route is Casa Amatller, the next-door neighbour of Casa Batlló. Beneath the fee of well-known chocolatier Antoni Amatller Costa, the constructing was designed by Josep Puig i Cadafalch, one other well-known Catalan architect from the Modernisme period. In addition to some key Modernista design facets, Casa Amatller additionally incorporates Germanic and neo-Gothic components. Today, guests can solely go to the bottom flooring of the constructing, dwelling to one of many most interesting stained-glass home windows of the modernisme period, in addition to a café that serves consuming chocolate utilizing the century outdated authentic Amatller recipe.
7. Palau de la Música Catalana
The Barcelona Modernist Route finishes with the Palau de la Música Catalana live performance corridor. This spectacular efficiency house was designed by Lluís Domenech i Montaner, identified principally for his work on the Sant Pau Hospital redesign. It was created upon the order of the Catalan choral society, and on its completion in 1908, the constructing was inaugurated as an auditorium for live shows of orchestral and instrumental music. Over time, this live performance corridor has seen a few of greatest worldwide artists from everywhere in the world carry out on its stage and has since grow to be one of the vital consultant buildings of Catalan modernism.
Sandra Roig is Advertising and marketing Director at AB Apartment Barcelona. AB Condo Barcelona is an residence rental company providing over one thousand brief and long run residences throughout Barcelona.
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